How Often Do Surgical Site Infections Occur?

What are surgical site infections?

A surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection that occurs after surgery in the part of the body where the surgery took place.

Surgical site infections can sometimes be superficial infections involving the skin only..

What are the five signs of an infection?

Know the Signs and Symptoms of InfectionFever (this is sometimes the only sign of an infection).Chills and sweats.Change in cough or a new cough.Sore throat or new mouth sore.Shortness of breath.Nasal congestion.Stiff neck.Burning or pain with urination.More items…

How can you tell if a wound is infected or healing?

As your wound heals, look out for these signs, and check with your doctor if you have:Redness and swelling.A lot of pain near the wound.Thick, grayish fluid draining from it.A fever higher than 100.4 F.Red streaks near the cut.

What are the 3 methods of infection control?

There are three types of transmission-based precautions: contact, droplet, and airborne. Contact precautions are used in addition to standard precautions when caring for patients with known or suspected diseases that are spread by direct or indirect contact.

Why are surgical site infections important?

Surgical site infections are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Patients with SSI are twice as likely to die, 60% more likely to be admitted to the intensive care unit, and more than five times more likely to be readmitted to the hospital after discharge. In 2002, SSIs contributed to 8205 deaths.

What does an infected surgical wound look like?

Swelling/hardening of the incision: An infected incision may begin to harden8 as the tissue underneath are inflamed. The incision itself may begin to appear swollen or puffy as well. Redness: An incision that gets red, or has red streaks radiating from it to the surrounding skin may be infected.

What antibiotic is used for surgical site infection?

Prophylactic drugs used in surgical patients. Concerning the surgical site infection rate, 16 patients had developed infection, and the incidence rate was 23.5% as revealed in Figure 1….3. Results.Prophylaxis drugFrequency (%)Cloxacillin8 (11.8)Ceftriaxone+metronidazole28 (47.46)Ceftriaxone+ampicillin5 (7.4)6 more rows

What antibiotics are used to treat surgical site infections?

Antibiotic ProphylaxisOperationExpected PathogensRecommended AntibioticVascular surgeryS aureus, Staphylococcusepidermidis, gram-negative bacilliCefazolin 1-2 gHead and neck surgeryS aureus, streptococci, anaerobes and streptococci present in an oropharyngeal approachCefazolin 1-2 g6 more rows•Nov 26, 2019

What is the most important part of treatment for surgical site infection?

Most surgical site infections can be treated with antibiotics. The antibiotic given to you depends on the bacteria (germs) causing the infection. Sometimes patients with SSIs also need another surgery to treat the infection.

What are the 3 stages of wound healing in order?

Three Stages of Wound HealingInflammatory phase – This phase begins at the time of injury and lasts up to four days. … Proliferative phase – This phase begins about three days after injury and overlaps with the inflammatory phase. … Remodeling phase – This phase can continue for six months to one year after injury.

How do you tell if your wound is infected?

Signs of Infectionexpanding redness around the wound.yellow or greenish-colored pus or cloudy wound drainage.red streaking spreading from the wound.increased swelling, tenderness, or pain around the wound.fever.

How common are surgical site infections?

SSIs are the most common and costly of all hospital-acquired infections, accounting for 20 percent of all hospital-acquired infections. They occur in an estimated 2 percent to 5 percent of patients undergoing inpatient surgery.

What is the most common cause of surgical site infections?

Causes and risk factors of surgical site infections Infections after surgery are caused by germs. The most common of these include the bacteria Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Pseudomonas.

How long after surgery can an infection occur?

A surgical wound infection can develop at any time from 2-3 days after surgery until the wound has visibly healed (usually 2-3 weeks after the operation). Very occasionally, an infection can occur several months after an operation.

How do you prevent surgical site infections?

Use Basic Prevention Strategies from Category IA Center for Disease Control RecommendationsExclude patients with prior infections.Stop patient tobacco use prior to surgery.Apply sterile dressing for 24–48 hr.Shower with antiseptic soap.Provide positive pressure ventilation in OR with at least 15 air changes/hr.More items…