Quick Answer: Does Alcohol Cause Enlarged Red Blood Cells?

Can large red blood cells cause health problems?

Red blood cells larger than 100 fL are considered macrocytic.

When the cells grow too large, there are fewer of them than there needs to be and they carry less hemoglobin.

This means the blood is not as oxygen-rich as it should be.

Low blood oxygen can cause a range of symptoms and health problems..

How do you treat high red blood cell count?

How is a high red blood cell count treated? If a medical condition is causing a high red blood cell count, your doctor may recommend a procedure or medication to lower it. In a procedure called a phlebotomy, a health professional inserts a needle into your vein and drains blood through a tube into a bag or container.

What is considered a high red blood cell count?

A high red blood cell count is generally considered to be anything above 6.1 million red blood cells for men, 5.4 million for women, and 5.5 for children. Additional tests will help your doctor determine the cause of your high red blood cell count and next steps in your care.

Why would my red blood cells be enlarged?

Macrocytic anemia means that the red blood cells are larger than normal. In microcytic anemia, the cells are smaller than normal. We use this classification because it helps us to determine the cause of the anemia. The most common causes of macrocytic anemia are vitamin B-12 and folate deficiency.

Can enlarged red blood cells be reversed?

Most cases of macrocytic anemia that are caused by vitamin B-12 and folate deficiencies can be treated and cured with diet and supplements. However, macrocytic anemias can cause long-term complications if left untreated. These complications can include permanent damage to your nervous system.

How do you decrease red blood cells?

High RBC Count TreatmentExercise to improve heart and lung function.Eat less red meat and iron-rich foods.Avoid iron supplements.Keep yourself well hydrated.Avoid diuretics, including coffee and caffeinated drinks.Stop smoking, especially if you have COPD or pulmonary fibrosis.More items…

How long does it take for MCV to return to normal?

MCV takes 6 to 8 weeks of heavy drinking—we which we define as consuming ≥40 grams of alcohol/ day5—to become elevated and returns to normal within 3 months of abstinence.

What drugs can cause Macrocytosis?

Common drugs that cause macrocytosis are hydroxyurea, methotrexate, zidovudine, azathioprine, antiretroviral agents, valproic acid, and phenytoin (Table 1).

What causes an elevated MCV?

The common causes of macrocytic anemia (increased MCV) are as follows: Folate deficiency anemia. Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. Liver disease.

What does it mean if your MCV blood test is high?

When the MCV value is increased, the RBC is said to be abnormally large, or macrocytic. This is most frequently seen in megaloblastic anemias (e.g., vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency). When the MCV value is decreased the RBC is said to be abnormally small, or microcytic.

Why does alcohol cause Macrocytosis?

Although the macrocytosis of alcoholism may be secondary to poor nutrition with a resulting folate or vitamin B-12 deficiency, it is more often due to direct toxicity of the alcohol on the marrow. The macrocytosis of alcoholism usually reverses only after months of abstinence from alcohol.

Do enlarged red blood cells cause fatigue?

General symptoms of macrocytosis are related to anemia and include fatigue, poor concentration, dizziness, pallor, and shortness of breath. In severe cases, macrocytosis can lead to neurological symptoms, such as confusion, dementia, depression, loss of balance, and numbness or tingling in the arms and legs.