What Is Non Communicable Disease Definition?

What are non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease, are collectively responsible for almost 70% of all deaths worldwide..

Is hypertension a non communicable disease?

Hypertension: The most important non communicable disease risk factor in India.

What are the common risk factors for non communicable diseases?

Depression, diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, unhealthy diet, smoking, physical inactivity and excess alcohol consumption have been identified by the WHO Global Health Observatory data as common and preventable risk factors that underlie most NCDs.

Is asthma a non communicable disease?

Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases. It is a chronic disease of the air passages of the lungs which inflames and narrows them.

What are two communicable diseases?

Some examples of reportable communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles, and blood-borne illnesses. Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.

What are the causes and effects of non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are usually caused by genetic or lifestyle factors. Four types of NCDs – cardiovascular diseases, cancers, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases – account for almost two-thirds of all deaths globally, with 80 per cent of these occurring in low- and middle-income countries.

Why should we prevent disease?

Taking care of yourself prevents health problems and saves money by reducing the number of office visits and medications you need. Self-care reduces the heavy costs of healthcare associated with disease.

Who list of non communicable diseases?

The four main types of noncommunicable diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What is the difference between communicable diseases and non communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases are the diseases which passes from one individual to another individual. They are generally caused by some bacteria, viruses or any other pathogens. For example, malaria, AIDS etc. Non-communicable diseases are the diseases which does not spread from one person to another person.

Is obesity a non communicable diseases?

Obesity related Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) leads to millions of deaths all around the world, rapidly becoming economic burden worldwide. Pathophysiology and extend of obesity is responsible for ill effects of health.

Is arthritis a non communicable disease?

The short answer is no—arthritis is not contagious. A contagious disease is defined as an infectious disease that is communicable by contact with a person who has it through a bodily discharge or with an object touched by the infected individual. Arthritis is not a contagious or communicable disease.

What are the 10 non communicable diseases?

Alzheimer’s Disease.Cancer.Epilepsy.Osteoarthritis.Osteoporosis.Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Coronary Artery Disease.More items…•

What causes non communicable diseases?

Four main NCDs and their common risk factors. The four leading NCDs (cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes) share four risk factors: tobacco use, harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity.

What are the 4 types of non communicable disease?

Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are cardiovascular diseases (like heart attacks and stroke), cancer, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructed pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.

How can NCD be prevented?

Tools by targetsTarget 1: Reduce mortality from NCDs.Target 2: Reduce harmful use of alcohol.Target 3: Reduce prevalence of physical inactivity.Target 4: Reduce salt intake.Target 5: Reduce tobacco use.Target 6: Reduce prevalence of raised blood pressure.Target 7: Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity.More items…

What are the 5 non communicable diseases?

Examples of NCDs include:Alzheimer’s.Asthma.Cataracts.Chronic Kidney Disease.Chronic Lung Disease.Diabetes.Fibromyalgia.Heart Disease.More items…•